Thursday August 15th, 2019
Germany is attractive to foreign academics. The number of immigrant graduates and international students is growing sharply. Two new studies show why this is so and from which countries people come.
More and more highly qualified people come to Germany from abroad. The proportion of people born elsewhere in the academic world has recently increased sharply, according to a study by the Institute of German Business (IW). If in 2007, they still accounted for 13.6% of German academics, they were already 18.7% in 2017.
This is all the more remarkable as the number of German university graduates has increased by one-third over the same period. "The highly skilled immigrant population, however, has grown much more dynamically and almost doubled from about 1.16 million to 2.32 million," said the author of the paper. 39, study, Wido Geis-Thöne. "EU immigration plays a huge role."
Thus, with 235,000 academics mostly born in 2017, academics came from Poland, followed by Russia. (225,000) and Romania (118,000). Among the other countries of significant origin, there was Kazakhstan – because of many returnees – Ukraine, China and Syria, but also Turkey, France and Italy.
The most popular country of study in Germany, non-English speaking
Germany also seems to be becoming more and more attractive to international students. This emerges from the report "Wissenschaft weltoffen 2019" presented by DAAD (German Academic Exchange Service) and the German Center for Higher Education and Scientific Research (DZHW). As a result, Germany is now the most popular host country among non-English speakers among students worldwide.
In the winter semester 2017/2018, there were 282,000 foreign students in Germany registered – upward trend. Thus, Germany has overtaken France as the fourth most popular country to study. Only the United States, the United Kingdom and Australia interest even more young academics. S & # 39; installs in Germany especially Chinese students. In 2018, they were at the top of the list with 37,000 men and women enrolled in German universities, followed by India with 17,300 and Austria with 11,100. Many students also came from Russia, from Italy and Syria.
A 2016 survey of reasons to study in Germany revealed: For 75%, the quality of education is crucial. The report also mentions the possibility that some foreign students have decided to study in Germany for financial reasons. Compared to Anglo-Saxon countries, it is free and the cost of living in Germany is relatively low. On the other hand, German students are also "very mobile". About a third of German students are studying abroad while studying.
"Immigration must be highly qualified!"
Germany is becoming more and more attractive internationally, said CDU Federal Research Minister Anja Karliczek on the occasion of the presentation of the report. "We can be proud of it and that should inspire us to become even better." The number of foreign scientists in German universities has also increased sharply. According to the DZHW, it has almost doubled in the last ten years.
For researchers from the IW in Cologne, authors of skilled foreign workers, it is about a fair and important development. Due to future demographic trends, "we can expect a reduction in net immigration of EU qualified people from the EU," said l & # 39; IW.
IW experts therefore advocate long-term immigration of highly qualified specialists. For this, one must start with the classic migration of migration and immigration through the education system. The recently adopted law on immigration of people as well as a significant attraction for international students is an important step in the right direction. "One must try to recruit even more foreigners who wish to study at German universities," said study author Geis-Thöne. It must be pointed out that they could stay here in the long run.