Hammer at Brexit: British Prime Minister Boris Johnson (55) suspends Parliament. Until October 14, no sitting of the lower house should take place. Queen Elizabeth II signed this plan and put it into effect.
With his move, the Brexit-Boris wants to prevent the deputies of the blockade of the Brexit planned on October 31st. His "Queen's Speech" – the government's official statement – is scheduled for October 14th.
Means: Parliament will not meet for 31 days. Until now, this break was on average eight days.
Could the queen have blocked the attempt?
Although the British monarch has an official veto right, this is one of the many conventions that does not apply to the palace. No government has plunged the queen into a situation as difficult as Johnson's. For the 67 years, the "sacred neutrality" of the queen is inviolable, writes the correspondent of "Sky", Lewis Goodall, on Twitter. And Johnson is not even 67 days in office.
But why can not the queen pronounce a word of power and simply block the law suspending Parliament? Insiders report that the monarch is not a Brexit fan. She would therefore have a personal reason to oppose. However, his role in Britain forbids him.
Since the glorious revolution of 1688, it is an unwritten rule that the monarch does not oppose the government and grants his "royal assent" to each bill submitted. Before 1688, the attempt to found a republic under Oliver Cromwell failed. The British Parliament asked the royal family to return to a parliamentary monarchy. King William II and his wife were the first members of the royal family to give their power to Parliament.
"Glorious Revolution": Opponents of the absolutist monarchy have won the battle for the future of Britain against supporters of the Stuart Monarchy. They laid the foundation for the current system of parliamentary government in the United Kingdom by applying the Bill of Rights. Since the revolution, the king is no longer alone, but only in connection with the parliament (king in parliament) carrying the sovereignty of the state.
Until now, there was only one exception
Since then, there has been only one case in which a monarch has not signed a law, thus making use of his veto. In 1708, Queen Anne blocked a law that would have decriminalized the Scottish militia.
However, experts have repeatedly said that the British monarch should not veto. In the case of Queen Elizabeth II, the argument is that she has nearly 70 years of political experience, which she can only use to advise her government. Whatever Queen's opinion on Brexit, she must keep it for her.