Why is it officially reserved for Queen Elizabeth II to open the House in the Lower House or to send Parliament to the forced break – and why the British Parliament can not do anything about it.
Every year, the British monarch personally inaugurates the new session of the British Parliament at Westminster, the "Most Gracious Speech of His Majesty", as it is called at the time. This Speech from the Throne is scheduled for October 14. In essence, it is a series of bills that the UK government concerned intends to submit to Parliament for approval at the next session. The king reads it in the presence of all the members of the Upper House and the Lower House, as well as other dignitaries in the House of Lords. The speech is presented to the Queen by the Prime Minister; it has no direct influence on its content.
The present ceremonies of the Queen's speech were introduced in 1852, when the Royal Grenadiers settled in front of Buckingham Palace shortly before eleven o'clock in the morning. From Hyde Park Corner, the regiment of guards approaches the cavalry of the house that accompanies the transportation of the respective monarch to the Palace of Westminster at eleven o'clock. He enters through the entrance of the ruler in the Victoria tower. Black Rod, House of Lords envoy, quotes members of the House of Lords to the House of Lords for the Speech from the Throne.
The current session is the longest since the civil war
Elizabeth II does this almost every year since her coronation in 1953, except in 1959 and 1963, when she was pregnant. In 2011 and 2018, the government rejected the speech. As a rule, she wears a crown, the crown of the imperial state; However, after the early elections of 1974 and 2017, she preferred a hat. Until 2016, she was accompanied by her husband, the Duke of Edinburgh. Since he retired from public life, Prince Philip is represented by Prince Charles, his son and heir to the throne.
The current parliamentary session began on June 13, 2017, the longest since the English Civil War from 1642 to 1651. Each session begins with a speech by the Queen and ends with the "prorogation", a brief break from the session . Meanwhile, all stores will be closed. Although MPs retain their seats and ministers retain their posts, there is no debate or vote. This distinguishes the prorogation of the dissolution of parliament. Then all the members have to leave their seats, there are new elections.
What makes the session break announced by Prime Minister Boris Johnson unusual, is its duration. Usually, it covers a few days in April or May. Johnson is turning a transition phase into a mandatory break of more than a month, between the scheduled postponement date of September 10th and the opening speech of October 14th. Meanwhile, Parliament would be unable to act. The Queen must give permission to do so, because the adjournment is part of the "Royal Prerogative" (Royal Privilege), the executive power of the Crown. Theoretically, Elizabeth II could have rejected the request of her prime minister. During her 67-year reign, however, the Queen has never intervened so heavily in the political events of the day.