Tuesday 05 November 2019
In e-mobility, desire and reality diverge widely. This should change. The government and the federal industry agree on the automotive summit on higher purchase premiums and more charging stations. Is this the turning point? An evaluation.
If you believe that Federal Transport Minister Andreas Scheuer, was the Automotive Summit a "good evening for mobility", But is the "Recharging infrastructure of the general plan", on which federal government and car industry have agreed, really a great success?
Not at all. By 2030 there will be a million charging points for electric cars. This is nothing new, because this objective had already been formulated in the climate package. And secondly, because it is still not entirely clear how to achieve this goal. "The construction of charging infrastructures must be a long-term economic task," he says vaguely in the post-summit message. The fact is: the automotive industry is not considered mandatory. The charging stations are not particularly interesting for manufacturers, they just want to build cars. After all, they want to contribute 15,000 out of 50,000-2022 targeted recharge points. In the end it should be 100,000. It remains questionable if all car manufacturers participate. And there is still a grip on the promise: it is already clear that most promised charging stations will be built in the manufacturers' factory premises and therefore will not be accessible to ordinary consumers. Therefore, the initiative of energy suppliers, service station operators, retailers and owners is now required for the remaining charging stations – uncertain result. The only certainty is that the federal government wants to free 3.6 billion euros. Become the tax payer.
Why are a million charging stations actually targeted?
The "one million" number seems to be magical, not resistant. It should also drive one million electric vehicles on the roads by 2020. This bar has already torn the government. It is difficult to answer if one million charging stations by 2030 are realistic. Maybe it's not impossible. This may have been helped by a speech by Tesla chief Elon Musk. But it was not loaded. Critics doubt that so many charging stations are needed. According to the Federal Association for Energy and Water would be 350,000 rich. The government and industry can go together beyond the goal. No one knows yet whether electricity will prevail as fuel of the future – or at least hydrogen.
What is the e-car offensive for the climate balance?
Demonstrably little, others will benefit first. "This is a good story for car makers, they negotiated very well," says industry expert Ferdinand Dudenhöffer of the University of Duisburg-Essen CAR Institute. "It would have been better to create a reasonable climate package". That the problems would be filled with money again, demonstrate the absence of a government plan. Most car manufacturers will miss the CO2 fleet targets required from 2021 onwards. That is, millions of penalties could be due. In particular: for cars 10,000 euros. A subsidy of 6,000 euros, which is now granted at most when you buy an electric car, is therefore a good deal. The criticisms greet him above all for the generous fiscal gift to the "VW diesel scammers". The rich promotion prize represents about 20 percent of the purchase price of the new ID3. The new second generation electric model is up and running from Monday to Zwickau off the line, "Basically, it is a revelation from Transport Minister Scheuer," says Dudenhöffer.
How are incentive bonuses distributed among the different models?
A fundamental problem is that there is no distinction between pure electric cars and hybrid vehicles: "Also this month only heavy petrol SUVs must be promoted with an additional small electronic engine up to 4500 euros not only as a new car, but also as a used car," says the Federal Director of German Environmental Aid ( DUH), Jürgen Resch, RP online. Also irritating: electric cars with prices above 40,000 euros are promoted more than less. Furthermore, the upper price limit for eligible electric cars will be increased from 60,000 to 65,000 euros. Luxury cars offer producers higher margins. Once again, decisions for the industry are beneficial. From an environmental point of view, luxury electric cars make no sense. After all, the industry has promised to pay half of the cost of purchase bonuses.
How would the CO2 problem be solved differently?
The automotive expert Dudenhöffer had requested, in view of the summit, a new support policy far from the injured principle and the "polluter pays" principle. The money to "move" the industry is misleading in his eyes. The purchase of a CO2-free electric car should not be rewarded, but the purchase of a CO2-polluting burner should be punished. "Prices at the service station have the greatest impact, where motorists are confronted almost every day with CO2 costs." If, for example, I praised the ton of CO2 with 50 euros starting in 2020, gasoline would be more expensive than the 16 cents per liter tax, the diesel of 18 cents.
Are the decisions at the top at least a good start?
It is obvious that the round was too small. The energy industry was not invited to the summit. At the same time, goals cannot be achieved without them. According to the decisions, it is she who is responsible for providing charging stations in rural areas. He had actively participated in the discussion in advance. The energy association BDEW had asked to reduce the obstacles to the installation of private charging infrastructure for electric cars more quickly and to adapt the residential and co-ownership law. At the summit, she too could have been held responsible. This opportunity is lost. There are also other problems that can only be solved together: "Drive to the charging station, but it does not work, because the software does not interfere with the car", declared the auto expert Stefan Bratzel on ZDF.
Why does the government even support the industry with billions of subsidies?
The transition from burners to electric mobility precipitated the German automobile industry in a serious crisis. The sector is a key sector with 800,000 employees. A recently published model calculation by Pforzheim economist Rudi Kurz on behalf of the environmental association BUND assumes that could lose 360,000 jobs in the next ten years, A prediction of the Fraunhofer IAO Institute had previously referred to 125,000 jobs. The situation is so dramatic. However: the automotive and energy industries are the two industries that will earn a lot of money with electric mobility. Here they came away cheaply.