For months, the commercial dispute has weighed on relations between the United States and China. Now, Washington is provoking anger with two laws of the Chinese government, because they support the democratic movement in Hong Kong.
US President Donald Trump signed Wednesday night (local time) almost unanimously approved by Congress laws. These would have the goal that representatives of China and Hong Kong "amicably resolve their differences in order to achieve lasting peace and prosperity for all," said Trump.
Beijing's response was tough, a spokesman for the Foreign Ministry said: "The United States is ignoring the facts, exchanging black and white and blatantly supporting the violent criminals who have beaten and burned innocent people, trampled the rule of law and endangered the social order to have. "
Beijing orders the ambassador
The laws have only made the Chinese people and the people of Hong Kong more aware of "the bad intentions and the hegemonic nature of the United States," the spokesman said of a "US conspiracy". The Chinese government is adamant in its resistance to interference by foreign forces in Hong Kong. "We advise the United States not to act arbitrarily, otherwise China will take decisive measures and all the consequences must be borne by the United States".
The Foreign Ministry in Beijing said that the deputy foreign minister Le Yucheng has called the American ambassador Terry Branstad to demand the immediate end of these policies and further damage to bilateral relations.
The US Congress clearly supported the democratic movement in China's special administrative region last Wednesday and approved two bills. Now they come into force with Trump's signature. China had asked Trump to veto the laws.
So far the president of the United States has denied criticism of China's repression of the Hong Kong democratic movement. Try to reach an agreement with Beijing in the trade war of a year and a half of the two major economies. The new law is unlikely to help soften the fronts.
The annual reports aim to reveal the situation in Hong Kong
In a Trump veto against the two laws, however, he expected to be canceled with a two-thirds majority in both houses of Congress. It would have been a novelty in Trump's term.
The United States Congress had adopted the Hong Kong "Decree on Human Rights and Democracy", despite Beijing's fierce protests and threats with a single vote against the House of Representatives. Among other things, the law threatens economic sanctions that could deprive Hong Kong of its preferential treatment of US economic and trade policies with China.
To this end, annual State Department reports are provided to Congress that Hong Kong is still sufficiently autonomous from China to further justify its preferential treatment. Civil rights should be given special consideration.
For five months protests on the streets of the city again and again
The law also provides for the President to impose sanctions on people held responsible for serious human rights violations in Hong Kong. Another law prohibiting the export of tear gas, rubber bullets, water cannons and handcuffs to the Hong Kong police was unanimously approved by the House and Senate.
The protests in Hong Kong have been going on for five months. Since its return to China in 1997, Hong Kong has been governed independently by Chinese sovereignty according to the "one country, two systems" principle. Unlike the people of the People's Communist Republic, the seven million Hong Kong citizens enjoy far-reaching rights such as freedom of assembly and expression. But now they fear that their freedoms will be increasingly limited.