Does it burn you and draw you into your mouth when you eat tomatoes or drink orange juice? You could have a so-called aphthous ulcer: a small ulcer on the oral mucosa. The spots form when the mucosa is inflamed. The canes are often smaller than a centimeter and covered by a yellowish coating. For about 10-14 days, they significantly interfere with eating and drinking, sometimes with language, until they disappear again without a trace.
How many people get canker sores is unclear. Depending on the study, data on those affected vary between 6 and 66 percent. Women suffer more often than men. Even children can have canker sores. Once you get it, you'll find out again and again.
The origin of the yellow spots is not known
Because the mucosa is inflamed is not known. In women, hormonal fluctuations are suspected, some experts suspect. Stress and mental stress should also play a role. Minor injuries of a brace or teeth can also cause aphthous ulcer. The food was not clearly revealed as a violator.
"Many people contract for a cold, when they were sick or had a lot of stress at work, didn't eat properly or slept enough," says dentist Sally Cram in an interview with the New York Times.
Furthermore, canker sores can be triggered or aggravated by:
- a lack of iron, folic acid, zinc or vitamin B12, caused by unilateral nutrition;
- a food gluten intolerance, gluten in cereals;
- a hereditary predisposition: 40 percent of those affected have relatives with canker sores;
- a reaction of the body to certain bacteria, for example streptococci;
- a weakened immune system, chronic inflammation or HIV infection.
Some aphthae have their mouths closed
Doctors distinguish three forms of aphthous ulcers: small, large and massive. The small, the so-called minor aphthae, occurs in about 75-80 percent of those affected. This type of patch has a diameter of less than five millimeters and is relatively flat. Mainly located inside the cheek or in the inner area of the lips. The mucous pimple disappears after one or two weeks.
10 to 15 percent of those affected have large inflamed spots, known as major sores. They usually sit on the lips and on the palate far back in the oral cavity. Large aphthous can grow up to three centimeters in diameter and stay up to eight weeks. If the tissue heals, usually a scar remains.
Mouth ulcers are very severe and very rare, reminiscent of herpes blisters. The experts call them then herpetiform aphtes. They are formed in droves, up to a hundred at a time. They sit in the whole oral cavity like small painful mucous craters. Only after about two weeks they disappear again.
Viruses can attack the oral mucosa
If the mucosa is inflamed, it need not necessarily be aphthous. You could also have herpes. Painful blisters are triggered by viruses and usually sit on the lip. In addition, herpes viruses can also cause canker sores on the buccal mucosa and gums. If the child has ulcers and aphthous blisters on his hands and feet, he may have been infected by the so-called Coxsackie virus. This pathogen triggers the so-called hand-foot-mouth disease.
In addition to viruses, fungi attack the oral mucosa: in particular children and the elderly are afflicted by the so-called lily of the valley, a whitish coating on the mucous membranes. Your dentist can tell you if you have oral thrush. The immune system can be weakened, perhaps a poorly adapted prosthesis will trigger the fungal infection.
If chocolate hurts, researchers still argue
It is still unclear whether the food ensures that the mucous membranes ignite. The following foods can promote canker sores:
- Chocolate, walnuts, almonds,
- Cereals such as cereals and cereals,
- Strawberries and tomatoes
- Gluten, a protein in wheat flour.
Nerves are naked in the mouth
Sharp, bittersweet will not tolerate you well if you have a foot injury. Look into your oral cavity: some of the yellowish spots are clearly visible on the tongue, others can only be found with a small hand-held mirror: canker sores like to hide on the cheek and on the mucous membrane of the lips. They rarely choose the palate.
Everywhere the aphthous sit: it destroys the superficial mucosa. The nerve endings are therefore naked and sensitive when irritated by spicy and acidic foods. This makes you suffer.
Flavors can also cause halitosis
If canker sores, such as oral blight, cause larger areas, your body may react to fever. You probably also have bad breath. The gums bleed a little when you touch it. If viruses or bacteria cause canker sores, you could also suffer from fever and fatigue and swallowing can also hurt you.
Afte continue to return. Some people feel when the inflammation begins: it burns and tickles at the point in question. Others do not notice it until the small painful spot is suddenly there.
If someone tends to touch or not, it occurs between the ages of 10 and 30. The older they are, the less they have to deal with the annoying inflammation in their mouth.
Diagnosis and therapy
Mouthwashes help against canker sores
The doctor recognizes canker sores and other mucosal changes by carefully observing the oral cavity. Unfortunately, there is no remedy that makes the yellowish spots disappear. However, there are medications and hot flashes that can alleviate pain and speed healing.
With analgesic and anti-inflammatory drugs such as paracetamol, cure canker sores faster. Mouthwashes such as chlorhexidine (in a concentration of 0.2 percent) destroy pathogenic germs and shorten the duration of inflammation. The same effect has a tetracycline solution.
With the thrush caused by fungi, antifungal remedies can help you. They contain agents such as amphotericin B, miconazole or nystatin.
Those affected should also refrain from irritating foods such as alcohol. Even abstaining from sharp food or sharp edges – such as bread crumbs – can help relieve pain.