Scientists released Thursday a new report that said the oceans are warming faster than expected, which puts more marine life at risk, according to CNBC.
The new analysis published in the journal Science was facilitated by a network of 3 900 floats deployed on the oceans since 2000, which revealed that the oceans heated on average 40% faster than a UN panel estimated five years ago. years.
The report says ocean temperatures have already broken records for several consecutive years.
One of the authors of the study, Zeke Hausfather, energy systems analyst of the Berekely Earth Independent Climate Research Group, told the New York Times: "2018 will be the hottest year ever recorded for oceans of the planet. As 2017 was the hottest year and 2016 was the hottest.
Climatologists have explained in detail how anthropogenic greenhouse gas emissions warm the atmosphere and much of it is trapped in the oceans, forcing fish and other marine life to escape. in colder waters.
"Global warming is here and already has major consequences, there is no doubt, not at all!" the authors wrote in a statement.
Lijing Cheng, a senior author of the study and scientist at the Institute of Atmospheric Physics of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, said the records of global warming. ocean had been battered almost every year since 2000.
The temperature in the ocean reached 2,000 meters and increased by nearly 0.1 degrees Celsius from 1971 to 2010.
As the oceans get warmer, they destroy important marine ecosystems, rising sea levels and more destructive hurricanes.
Scientists have declared that one-fifth of coral reefs, a key focus for fishing on which millions of people depend for their proteins, have died in the past three years.
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The report's authors stated that average ocean temperatures are an important means of tracking the effects of greenhouse gas emissions because they are not influenced by short-term weather conditions.
"Oceans are really the best thermometer we have for Earth changes," said Hausfather.
But Hausfather said major initiatives such as the 2015 Paris climate agreement, in which 200 countries agreed to phased out fossil fuels during this century, may help to mitigate the effects of climate change.
"I think there is reason to believe that we will avoid the worst consequences," he said, "even if we are not on track with the results we want."